Study of mechanical engineering ETH Zurich (1st intermediate exam). Study of law at the University of Zurich. Doctorate in Zurich (1989). Department head and board member of the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (1994–97). Postdoctoral lecture qualification in civil, intellectual property, competition and media law at the University of Zurich (2000). Full Professor of technology and information law ETH Zurich. Director and faculty member of the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law (from 2002; Managing Director 2005-06). Full Professor (ad personam) at the University of Zurich. Honorary Professor at the Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich.